What is an immigrant, refugee, newcomer & undocumented person?

What is a newcomer?

An immigrant or refugee who has been in Canada for a short time, usually less than 5 years is considered a newcomer. Newcomers have access to lots of services at settlement agencies, like language and immigration help.

What is an immigrant?

An immigrant is someone who has moved from their country of origin (their homeland) to another country, to become a citizen of that country. Just visiting a country, even to work for a few months, does not make you an immigrant. Immigrants are people who live permanently somewhere other than their homeland.

What is a refugee

These are people needing protection who are escaping being persecuted in their homeland. This means that if they stay or return to their homeland, they will risk being tortured or killed. Refugees seek protection in safe countries like Canada.

What is an undocumented person?

A newcomer who has moved from their homeland to another country to become a citizen but their immigration status is unknown or unofficial is referred to as an "undocumented person".