Who is responsible for immigration enforcement?
The Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) is responsible for enforcing the law as it relates to immigration and refugees.
CBSA carries out:
- Intelligence and immigration control functions overseas
What powers do CBSA officers have?
CBSA officers CANNOT arrest citizens
CBSA officers can arrest protected persons and permanent residents ONLY if they have a signed warrant with your name on it.
CBSA officers can detain and/or arrest people without status without a warrant if they:
- Are unsure of your identity;
- Believe that you’re a danger to the public; or
- Think it’s possible that you won’t show up for your hearings, appointments, or removal
What should I do if I’m stopped by a CBSA officer?
- Be polite and calm, but exercise your rights.
- Ask why you’re being stopped.
- If their reason does not fall into one of the situations listed above, you have the right to leave.
- You do not have to answer questions asked by CBSA officers outside of an immigration examination or hearing.
What should I do if a CBSA officer arrests me?
- CBSA officers MUST tell you why you’re being arrested.
- CBSA officers MUST inform you of your right to a lawyer.
- DO NOT answer their questions or sign their documents before consulting with your lawyer, immigration consultant, or a community member (e.g., someone from a mosque, church, etc.).