What does it mean to be deported?

To be deported means to be removed from Canada by immigration authorities. People who are deported are sent back to their country of origin.

Who can be deported?

According to Canadian law, anyone who is not a Canadian citizen can potentially be deported, even Permanent Residents.

Facing deportation can be scary because people who are about to be deported face an uncertain future in their home countries. In some cases, families may be separated, and members may not ever be allowed to return to Canada.

Why are people deported?

People are deported mainly due to:

Who decides to deport people?

The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) OR Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officials can issue Removal Orders. A Removal Order is an order that says that someone must be deported.

The CBSA also enforces Removal Orders. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) may sometimes help the CBSA enforce a Removal Order, due to security reasons.

Can I appeal a removal order?

In some cases, Removal Orders can be appealed to the Immigration Appeal Division of the IRB. The Appeal Division can review cases and overturn removal orders if it considers it fair to do so.

For legal information on deportation, check these immigration resources from Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO).